Corruption is one such highly captivating under the table phenomenon that changes the possible outcomes of the files kept above it. It is malpractice exercised all around the globe. None among the three worlds have managed to find a way to escape through it. Corruption can better be described as a major disease prevailing and ailing the administration and governance of public and private sectors in India.
Over and over precautionary measures are taken by the government of India to vanish the shades of corruption but leaders have not given us a single chance of not getting involved in the accusation of indulgence in corruption. Some of them have been found guilty by the honourable judiciary of our country. The list of such politicians includes the names of impactful leaders too. Be it our Former Finance Minister P Chidambaram or late former Chief-Minister of Delhi Sheila Dixit and how can one neglect former Chief-Minister of Bihar Lalu Prasad Yadav and the list goes on.
Corruption adversely affects the economic and industrial growth of a country. An apt data cannot be provided scaling the intensity of corruption or estimating the indulgence of culprits to an exact value. Often anti-corruption submits are held amidst the leaders of enormous countries. But a handful of concrete steps are taken into effect with a minute numbering of productive results that can be calculated on fingertips.
Indulgence of a government official in heinous corruption activities has led to a major shift of peoples’ faith forth from the measures opted by the government. Until 1993, no privately governed organization existed to survey the existence of corruption and provide a rough intensity. Anyhow emergence of Transparency International in 1993 changed the picture. Since then it has been working to convert corruption into figures and suggest precautionary measures. The data released by TI is often questioned to authenticity. Stats are considered as a perception of an organization and contrary to the exact value. Although many countries use these stats in order to build their anti-corruption firewall.
What is Transparency International?
Transparency International is a non-governmental organization working against corruption at an international level. It was founded in 1993. Its headquarter is based in Berlin, Germany. It was established to counter and take precautionary measures against civil and criminal activities breeding through corruption. It conducts corruption surveys every year in the jurisdiction of over 100 countries with acute sample size. TI releases two major annual publications based on a detailed study of corruption named Corruption Perception Index and Global Corruption Barometer.
CPI 2018 released by the TI showcased an average score of 43 out of 100 across 180 countries with India scoring below average. However, India grabbed the hike of a point and three positions in comparison to CPI 2017. Notably, India proved to be less corrupt than countries like China and Russia and also the US slipped 6 positions. TI has initiated the step of conducting such surveys at national level too.
Recently, TI has released the report of “The Indian Corruption Survey 2019” with a sample size of a little less than 2,00,000 citizens across 248 districts in 20 states. The survey was monitored by Local-Circles (an Indian NGO). It has revealed the possible aspects of nurturing corruption in India. North-eastern states beyond West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, J&K and Ladakh were left uncovered, possibly due to lack of resources.
Rajasthan crowns the list of corrupted states with 78% population expected to take stock in corrupted activities. Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh proved to be the other leading contenders of corruption India. Kerala failed to compete scoring the lowest of 10% population expected to be indulged in this contest. Goa, West Bengal and Haryana are some other back-holders in the list.
It also perceives that 51% of India’s population, i.e., every second person India is indulged in corrupt activities. Highest corruption exists in property registration sector. Also, police and municipality gave a major contribution to nurture corruption.
Factors contributing to reliability of Transparency International:
1) It is an International NGO, without any direct or indirect connection with government bodies. Although it receives funding from many government bodies.
2) It has revealed the corruptness of its own funders.
3) Has a working staff of over 100 renowned scholars, journalists, economists, etc.
Drawbacks to the authenticity of TI:
1) Limited resources and acute sample size.
2) Provides precision instead of exact figures.
For further understanding – https://www.facebook.com/TransparencyInternational/videos/1695193700534144/