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Article 370: Jammu and Kashmir bifurcation insights

Amit Shah during announcement in Rajya Sabha

The entire country is in the same frame of mind of celebration after the resolution to revoke Article 370 from Jammu and Kashmir happened.

Past Monday Union Home Minister Amit Shah moved a resolution in Rajya Sabha to abolish Article 370 of the Constitution, which accorded special status to Jammu and Kashmir, after the president issued a notification and introduced a Bill to divide the state into two Union Territories — Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.

It was a big move as it was planned from very long but no one saw it coming and especially with that pace. Celebrations began right after the announcement was made. Opinions flooded bringing in negative and positive word of mouths, mostly favoring and few opposing the decision.

Under the Article, Jammu and Kashmir would be turned into a Union Territory with a legislature, similar to Delhi and Puducherry, and the Ladakh division would be made a separate Union Territory without legislature, similar to Chandigarh and most other Union Territories.

It was great to see some other big leaders supporting the act calling it to be a great move made by PM Modi. One of them is AAP Leader Arvind Kejriwal who tweeted quoting “We support the govt on its decisions on J&K. We hope this will bring peace and development in the state”.

BSP Chief Mayawati also made a statement stating ”There was a long-pending demand to scrap Articles 370 (which gave a special status to Jammu and Kashmir) and 35A of the Constitution with the intention of ensuring social, economic and political justice. The BSP now expects that the people of the region will be benefitted from the Centre’s decision”.

What is Article 370

After the partition, the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir Hari Singh was under tremendous pressure to make a decision regarding the establishment of independent Kashmir or joining one of the divided nations. But Maharaja couldn’t manage time to think over it and make an appropriate decision as J&K was attacked by the Pakistani militants. Maharaja sought help from the Indian government which was provided on the sake attachment of J&K within Indian province. But the negotiation was bounded by a condition to provide special status to the state and its citizen. And this special status of “VISHESH RAJYA” exists in the form of Article 370 in our constitution.

Lok Sabha passes the bill

People were looking forward to the Lok Sabha’s proceedings after the bill being approved in Rajya Sabha on Monday. And finally, Lok Sabha on Tuesday approved a resolution revoking special status to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 of the Constitution and a bill for splitting the state into two Union Territories. The resolution was passed by Lok Sabha with 351 members voting in its support and 72 against it, while one member refused to vote.

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